Indonesia is a country spread across thousands of islands in Southeast Asia. It is one of the world’s major emerging economies and the biggest economy in its region. Indonesia has a tropical climate and is second to Brazil in level of biodiversity. Due to rapid industrialization, Indonesia is facing several environmental issues with deforestation being one of the most prominent. They are the largest exporter of tropical timber and forests account for about 80% of total land area in Indonesia. Recently, Indonesia has been taking greater efforts to combat illegal logging and was the first country to issue FLEGT licenses to export timber products to the European Union under their Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA). 

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Last updated: February 2023