Risk Tool

Norway spruce Picea abies

Also know as: European spruce

Picea abies

P. abies is a tall, conical spruce tree native to alpine and northern Europe, and extensively planted (and largely naturalized) in North America. In its natural range, trees can grow up to 60 m tall and live 300-400 years. The species prefers acidic, sandy, well-drained soils. In its natural range, it occurs in pure, transitional, and mixed stands. It is one of the most commercially important species in northern Europe and Scandinavia.

Wood is strong, soft, straight- and fine-grained. It is easily worked and is used in construction, pulp and paper production, furniture, and musical instruments, where it is used as a tonewood. Norway spruce is also very popular as a Christmas tree in countries where it is grown.

Species Details

CITIES Status: Not Listed
Endangered Status: Lower Risk/Least Concern
Associated Risks:

P. abies is common and commonly planted, a tree with no known export restrictions or species-specific harvesting restrictions.

Major Buyer:

P. abies timber is used throughout Europe, the United States, and Canada.

Countries Where Found