White spruce Picea glauca
Also know as: Canadian spruce, western white spruce, Alberta spruce, Black Hills spruce, skunk spruce, cat spruce, Alberta white spruce, Porsild Spruce, epinette blanche, single spruce
P. glauca, commonly known as white spruce, is a coniferous, evergreen tree native to the boreal forests across northern North America (mainly widespread in Canada and some northern states in the U.S.). The tree’s height ranges from 40 to 100ft depending on geographic location and growing conditions and the trunk diameter reaches up to 1m.
White spruce wood is creamy white, light, fine-textured, and straight-grained. The timber is mainly used for pulpwood and general construction, but also for cabin construction, sounding boards, musical instruments, paddles, furniture, cabinets, pallets, boxes, and food containers. The white spruce is also popularly used as a Christmas tree. Its IUCN Red List status is “least concern.”
P. glauca is not a CITES-listed species and is considered a species of “least concern” by the IUCN.