Display Name: 
Ruth Nogueron
World Resources Institute
Display Name: 
Loretta Cheung
Forest Legality Alliance

This booklet provides an overview of key legality issues in the global wood trade that businesses should consider when purchasing wood and paper-based products. Topics covered include trade regulations (e.g., the Lacey Act, the European Union Timber Regulation, and the Australian Illegal Logging Prohibition), public and private procurement policies, trade bans, and resources for meeting legality requirements.


This publication provides a brief overview of the various forensic methods available to supplement current timber tracking information systems. They can help verify the accuracy of existing documents and increase transparency in the timber trade. Some methods described include:

  • DNA analysis
  • Stable isotopes
  • Microscopic wood species identification
  • Remote sensing
  • Fiber Analyses